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**Sequences and Series of Real Numbers:** Sequences and series of real numbers, Convergent and
divergent sequences, bounded and monotone sequences, Convergence criteria for sequences of
real numbers, Cauchy sequences, absolute and conditional convergence; Tests of convergence
for series of positive terms – comparison test, ratio test, root test; Leibnitz test for convergence of
alternating series.

**Functions of One Variable:** limit, continuity, differentiation, Rolle's Theorem, Mean value
theorem. Taylor's theorem. Maxima and minima.
Functions of Two Real Variables: limit, continuity, partial derivatives, differentiability,
maxima and minima. Method of Lagrange multipliers, Homogeneous functions including Euler's
theorem.

**Integral Calculus:** Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, definite integrals and
their properties, Fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Double and triple integrals, change of
order of integration. Calculating surface areas and volumes using double integrals and
applications. Calculating volumes using triple integrals and applications.
Differential Equations: Ordinary differential equations of the first order of the form y'=f(x,y).
Bernoulli's equation, exact differential equations, integrating factor, Orthogonal trajectories,
Homogeneous differential equations-separable solutions, Linear differential equations of second
and higher order with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters. Cauchy-Euler
equation.

**Vector Calculus:** Scalar and vector fields, gradient, divergence, curl and Laplacian. Scalar line
integrals and vector line integrals, scalar surface integrals and vector surface integrals, Green's,
Stokes and Gauss theorems and their applications.

**Group Theory:** Groups, subgroups, Abelian groups, non-abelian groups, cyclic groups

**permutation groups;** Normal subgroups, Lagrange's Theorem for finite groups, group
homomorphisms and basic concepts of quotient groups (only group theory).

**Linear Algebra:** Vector spaces, Linear dependence of vectors, basis, dimension, linear
transformations, matrix representation with respect to an ordered basis, Range space and null
space, rank-nullity theorem; Rank and inverse of a matrix, determinant, solutions of systems of
linear equations, consistency conditions. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Cayley-Hamilton
theorem. Symmetric, skew-symmetric, hermitian, skew-hermitian, orthogonal and unitary
matrices.

**Real Analysis:** Interior points, limit points, open sets, closed sets, bounded sets, connected sets,
compact sets; completeness of R, Power series (of real variable) including Taylor's and
Maclaurin's, domain of convergence, term-wise differentiation and integration of power series.

The Mathematical Statistics (MS) test paper comprises of Mathematics (40% weightage) and Statistics (60%weightage).